Introduction to android app development and its fundamentals

What are The Features Notable During Android App Development?

by: XpertsApp Team



Introduction to Android App Development

The Android operating system has the most installed bases of all the different mobile platforms worldwide. In more than 190 countries worldwide, Android powers hundreds of millions of mobile devices. By the end of 2021, it had around 71% of the global market share, and this tendency is only becoming more assertive. With that in mind, android app development is increasing to the same scale to cater to the demand for people to avail unique functionalities in the applications you provide. Because of its extensive feature set, Android is the industry leader in mobile operating systems. It’s user friendly, has a sizable community behind it, allows for more customization, and many businesses produce Android-compatible smartphones. Because of this, the market has seen a rapid rise in the demand for developing Android mobile applications. As a result, companies now want expert android app developers with the appropriate skill set to fulfill the demanded features.

What are the features addressed during android app development?

What are the features addressed during android app development?

A few of the many capabilities offered by the solid open-source operating system Android are listed below.

  • Android Open Source Project enables us to modify the OS to meet our needs.
  • Android provides various connectivity options for telephonic communication or data transmission, including GSM, CDMA, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc.
  • While playing games or using other programs, we can connect with other devices via Wi-Fi.
  • To support location-tracking services like GPS, it has many APIs.
  • Using the file manager, we may control every activity linked to data storage.
  • It has several media supports, including AVI, MKV, FLV, MPEG4, etc., that can playback or records various audio and video.
  • Additionally, it supports various image formats, including JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, and MP3.
  • With the aid of a camera and microphone, it provides multimedia hardware control for playing and recording.
  • An open-source WebKit layout-based web browser is included in Android to enable user interfaces like HTML5 and CSS3.
  • Because Android allows multitasking, we can run several applications simultaneously and switch between them.
  • It offers support for 2D/3D graphics or virtual reality.

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  • What are the programming languages used in android app development?

What are the programming languages used in android app development?

Java is one of the two official languages for developing Android apps, which predominated until Kotlin’s introduction.


Java is still the most popular language for creating Android apps because it is reliable and safe, allows multi-threading, is portable, and works well with the complicated architecture, which are significant benefits for modern developers. Although this is accurate, Java does have specific performance issues.

Features of Java include

  • Rich APIs
  • Involves cloud computing
  • Rich in security blocks
  • It is an open-source language
  • A robust language to be understood
  • Has efficient memory management
  • Used in cross-platform
  • Database driven.


In 2017, Google decided to make Kotlin their official language, echoing Apple’s decision to utilize Swift. These straightforward languages have extensive library collections, making them simple to learn and use. The Java virtual machine may support the typed language Kotlin. It is an open-source, flexible, and pragmatic computer programming language that mixes concepts from functional and acquisitive programming to facilitate quicker compilation. Many companies, like Basecamp, Pinterest, Netflix, and Uber, are already converting to Kotlin for their Android apps as an efficient alternative because of its speed, correctness, flexibility, security, and stability.

Benefits of Kotlin as an android app programming language

  • Less maintenance expense
  • Open-source language
  • Safer than Java
  • High-quality integrated development environment support.
  • Cost efficient
  • Reliable
  • Clean and powerful syntax


Although Kotlin is the youngster on the block, the Android Native Development Kit (NDK) supports C/C++, both highly portable across operating systems. C++ is a more general, object-oriented language that supports dynamic memory allocation to make it run faster, which is especially useful for CPU-intensive applications like games. Software developers widely use C++ for cross-platform and native development within Java or Kotlin apps.

Support for C++ lowers the barrier to entry into Android development for experienced C++ developers. However, C++ is not flexible enough to create the entire app and, if overused, can result in a buggier, inflexible app.


JavaScript is a top programming language that is versatile for many different types of projects and is known for being fast and adept at creating rich user interfaces and experiences. Several cross-platform frameworks, including React Native, Angular, and Vue, use JavaScript as their programming language.

There are various languages if we decide to work on cross-platform or hybrid applications, including LUA, Python, and many more specialized features.

What are the pros and cons of Android App Development?

The Benefits of Android Application Development

  • Because Android is an open-source operating system, it has a large support community.
  • Google has provided design guidelines for the Android application, making it easier for developers to create more intuitive user applications.
  • Android applications benefit from fragmentation. This means that the application can perform two tasks on a single screen.
  • Releasing an Android application in the Google Play store is more superficial than on other platforms.

Drawbacks of Android App Development

Although fragmentation gives a highly obvious approach to user experience, it does have certain limitations. such as:

  • It requires time for the development team to adjust to the various screen sizes of mobile smartphones now available on the market and invoke the specific features in the application.
  • Android devices may differ significantly. As a result, application testing becomes more difficult.
  • The cost of the application may rise as development and testing take more time, depending on the application’s complexity and features.

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Android is an operating system designed primarily for mobile phones. It’s common in touchscreen mobile devices like smartphones and tablets. However, these are now used in Android Auto cars, TVs, watches, cameras, and other devices. It is one of the most popular smartphone operating systems. Various applications (apps) such as games, music players, cameras, and so on are developed for these smartphones to run on Android. The Google Play store has over 3.3 million apps. The app is created using the Android Studio application. These executable apps are installed via an APK bundle or package (Android Package Kit). If you want to hire an android app developer, Xpertsapp, the best android app development company, has the best team of individuals with years of experience delivering excellence and satisfying the target audience’s demands through the unique features of applications.